The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area.
After independence was achieved, a parliamentary republic was established.
A presidential government was in place between 19, followed by a return to parliamentary democracy.
The politically dominant Bengali Muslims make the nation the world's third largest Muslim-majority country.
Most of Bangladesh is covered by the Bengal delta, the largest delta on Earth.
The term Bangla is a major name for both the Bengal region and the Bengali language.
The earliest known usage of the term is the Nesari plate in 805 AD.The term Bangladesh was often written as two words, Bangla Desh, in the past.Starting in the 1950s, Bengali nationalists used the term in political rallies in East Pakistan.The term Vangaladesa is found in 11th century South Indian records.Archaeological evidence confirms that by the second millennium BCE, rice-cultivating communities inhabited the region. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma).